Continuing on from last years post on St Patrick’s Day Traditions that looked at the origins of wearing the shamrock and the St Patrick’s day cross, this post adds some new information about St Patrick’s day traditions some of which are long forgotten. A quick search through the Irish Folklore Schools Manuscripts essays written in 1937 revealed some alternatives to wear the shamrock. It is clear that by 1937 the wearing of the shamrock was a nationwide tradition and the shamrock had replaced the wearing of other types of plants. People at the time would also send the shamrock to friends and family outside of Ireland.
In the parish of Gortnessy Co Donegal as well as wearing shamrock people would also send shamrocks to their Irish friends in America to wear on St Patrick’s. This practice was widespread in Ireland. Also in the parish there was a saying that you should throw your candle and candle-stick away on St. Patrick’s Day.
In the parish of Windgap, Co Kilkenny, St Patrick’s Day was known as ‘Cross Day’, long ago people
put a cross of a furze cipper on the shoulder and wear crosses.
In the parish of Shankill Co Tipperary while people wore the shamrock in 1937
long ago they used to wear a black sally cross on the right shoulder.
In Coshmore & Coshbride are of Co Waterford one custom which was dying out in 1937
the making of a cross on the left sleeve with a stick that had been partly burned. The blackness of the stick is used to trace out a cross. It is called St Patrick’s cross.(West Waterford Branch I.N.T.O (roll number n/a)
This tradition was also found the parish of Ballyragget Co Kikenny.
On that day in years gone by people used to burn the hazel rod and the head of the family marked the sign of the cross on each persons arm. This was because St Patrick put the serpent out of Ireland with a hazel rod.
The Schools manuscripts also provide more information on the making of the St Patrick’s Day Cross. In south Tipperary at Ardfinnan School the process of making of the St Patrick’s Cross is detailed.
The day before Patrick’s day each child brought an egg to school. The yolk was used to get the yellow colour for the badge and the juice of a green plant used to achieve the green. At the school at Curragh also in the same parish the green to colour for the cross was made from the juice of the pennyworst plant. The cross itself was a Maltese style cross was drawn on circular piece of white paper. The cross was coloured green with yellow at the top of each arm. In both school any left over eggs were sold and the money used to buy sweets for the children. Interestingly the essays for Ardfinnan school say in this parish men wore shamrock in their caps from St Patrick’s Day till Palm Sunday.
From my brief search it is clear that prior to the 20th century there was some regional variation of the St Patrick’s day traditions and I have no doubt that a more extensive search of the Schools manuscripts will turn up many more traditions.
Irish Folklore Collection Schools Manuscripts Windgap, Thomastown (roll number 5698)http://www.duchas.ie/en/cbes/4758523/4751523/4957156
Irish Folklore Collection Schools Manuscripts Shankill, Roscrea (roll number not listed) p181 http://www.duchas.ie/en/cbes/5017943/4859151/5018341
Irish Folklore Collection Schools Manuscripts, West Waterford Branch I.N.T.O (roll number n/a) http://www.duchas.ie/en/cbes/4428107/4378906/4460314
Irish Folklore Collection Schools Manuscripts Ballyragget Convent p46 http://www.duchas.ie/en/cbes/4742033/4729769/5010675
Irish Folklore Collection Schools Manuscripts Gortnessy (roll number 7235),p351.http://www.duchas.ie/en/cbes/4428265/4389716/4477953
Irish Folklore Collection Schools Manuscripts Ardfinnan (B.), Cahir (roll number 16077) p197 http://www.duchas.ie/en/cbes/4922259/4865047/5022180
Irish Folklore Collection Schools Manuscript An Churrach (Crogh), Árd Fhionáin (roll number 7911)http://www.duchas.ie/en/cbes/4922265/4865639/5055255